How to Reduce Food Waste to Save Money, Time and the Environment

If you’ve ever tossed out a container of yogurt that’s approaching its date, discarded veggies that have gone limp, or thrown out a salad that’s just starting to turn a bit brown around the edges, you’re not alone. In celebration of Earth Day this year, I will share some practical ways to reduce food waste to save money, time and most of all, our environment!

While food waste is a worldwide phenomenon, the U.S. is a big contributor. Would you believe that food takes up more space in U.S. landfills than any other type of waste? It’s unfortunately true. Right here at home up to 40 percent of the entire U.S. food supply goes to waste. That’s almost 20 pounds of food per person every month. 

Not only are you reducing landfill waste, just imagine how much time and money you could save even if you reduce a portion of your this waste. Before we dive into the hacks, let’s talk a bit about some of the many benefits you could see by reducing food waste.

The impact of food waste is wide-ranging. The less food we waste, the more time and money we can save—and these are so very important. By reducing the amount of food wasted, farmers can use less fresh water, land, fertilizers, etc. because they’re not producing food that’s going to be discarded. Reducing food waste also reduces the amount of food that needs to be processed, transported, and sometimes stored in un-recyclable packaging and energy-intensive refrigerators and freezers. Plus, with less food waste, less space is used in landfills and less greenhouse gas is produced. Not to mention that there are a few not-as-obvious societal impacts that I’m going to discuss as well.

Benefits of reducing food waste

Save time 

Leftovers may not be the most glamorous meals, but they allow you to cook once and eat twice or more. This uses your precious time more efficiently because you’re not making a huge effort to decide what new meal or snack to make, and then spending even more time preparing.

Save money

The amount of produce wasted by an average American family of four costs about $1,600 per year. Imagine what you could do with that amount of money by simply buying only what you need and are going to eat, without unnecessary excess.

Save the environment

Reducing food waste helps us use critical resources like our land, water, fertilizers, packaging, transportation, storage, etc. much more efficiently. That’s because these investments will go toward food that we’re going to use and enjoy, not producing excess that’s going to be discarded. These efficiencies can help to reduce our environmental impact. 

Discarding food not only wastes the water and energy that went into all of the steps needed to get the food to you, but when it’s in a landfill, food waste releases greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that 95 percent of food wastes end up in landfills instead of the compost.

Food waste collected in a truck.
Photo by Kelly on

Boost your relationships and community

When you share extra food with people you know and care about, you’re building relationships with them. There are plenty of people who use community services to access food and that number is growing. By sharing food with them, you can help increase food security in your community.

Hacks to reduce your household food waste

It’s true that food is wasted at every level from farm to fork. Farms, manufacturers, grocery stores, and restaurants all waste some of their food. While you may not be able to control these other areas, reducing your own food waste can make a sizable difference. That’s because household food waste accounts for the biggest amount of food wasted — more than restaurants, grocery stores, and food service companies combined.

1 – Freeze food and enjoy your leftovers

Sometimes we buy or make too much food to eat in one day. It’s often the tiny bit of leftover that we don’t feel it’s worth saving that really adds up. If you force yourself to eat more than you need in the name of reducing food waste, you may still be wasting food and your body bears the burden. Instead, safely store uneaten food in a sealed container in your fridge or freezer, and then enjoy it another time as a “leftover.”

Leftovers can also save you time and money when you’re super-busy because you can quickly take a meal out of the fridge or freezer instead of spending the time and money to prepare or buy a whole new meal.

2 – Know your dates

One of the biggest reasons people throw away food is because they think it’s spoiled. This is understandable because no one wants to eat or serve food that has gone bad and may make them sick. Sometimes, the date that a food goes bad is not always clear because manufacturers may use different dates on their packages. In an effort to reduce confusion, the U.S. FDA is recommending the use of:

  • “Best if used by” to describe the quality of the food (not its safety); the food may not taste or perform as expected but it’s still safe to consume as long as it was stored properly.
  • “Expires on” is mostly reserved for infant formulas which should not be used beyond that date.

3 – Try “imperfect” or “ugly” food

Did you know that food is sometimes dumped because it doesn’t look “perfect” enough? Looking for “imperfect” or “ugly” food, or food that’s approaching its “Best if used by” date, is another way to save money and reduce food waste. Some markets and grocery stores package up food that may be “ugly” or not as fresh as their latest shipment and sell them at lower prices than the “perfect” food we’re used to seeing. Some companies even make a business of delivering imperfect foods to your door. Many of these imperfect foods can still be used in smoothies, casseroles, soups, and baking. If you need inspiration for recipes, you can access my healthy recipe of the week here.

Be sure to check to make sure the imperfect foods are still safely edible and are not spoiled; then, prioritize freezing or eating these foods first.

By choosing “imperfect” or “ugly” foods when you’re out shopping you can help prevent it from going to waste while saving money at the same time.

Imperfect pears
Photo by Marta Dzedyshko on

4 – Share extra food

If you know someone who would love to join you for a meal or appreciate your leftovers afterward, consider sharing with them. You can invite them over or drop your extra food off to them. 

Another idea is to find a food bank or shelter in your area and see what types of food they accept. If you have extras of those, simply donate it to them. If you want to go the extra mile, you can even consider donating the amount of money you saved from reducing food waste to your local food bank or shelter so they can purchase what is most urgently needed.

5 – Optimize your fridge and freezer

Don’t forget to regularly check your fridge and freezer to keep an eye on food that may be approaching the end of its useful life. If you find any, enjoy them first. Create a meal or two a week that would use the “on the way out” produce and meat into delicious dishes. Some of my favorites are creamed vegetable soup made with creamy coconut or cashew milk, Indian vegetable curry made with protein of choice, and a salad/grain bowl. 

Once the meals are cooked, you just renewed the shelf life of those ingredients for another 2-3 days in the refrigerator and another 1-2 months in the freezer. To keep your food fresh as long as possible, Keep your fridge set to a maximum temperature of 40°F and your freezer to 0°F or lower.

6 – Compost and use organic collection programs

The U.S. EPA estimates that just 4.1 percent of wasted food is composted, so composting is a huge area of opportunity. If you have a backyard and ability to compost food scraps to make nutrient-rich soil, that is a great place to start. Alternatively, if your city, town, or region has a composting program, you can contribute to that instead of putting food waste into the garbage which goes to the landfill.

Collecting produce scraps in paper bag for the compost.
Photo by Sarah Chai on

7 – Use a grocery list and meal plan

When you plan out the meals you want to eat and stick to your grocery list, you’re less likely to purchase and make too much food. If you create a thoughtful grocery list—and stick to it—you can buy only what you need.

How meal planning can help reduce food waste

Having a plan for your meals—whether you make the plan yourself or invest in one that works for you—is a great way to reduce your food waste. That’s because when your meals are planned out, you can create a grocery list of the foods you need for that plan. If you double-check your pantry, fridge, and freezer before adding something to your grocery list, and stick to the list when you’re out shopping, you will buy only what you need and are planning to eat. 

By using a meal plan to reduce the amount of excess food you buy in the first place, you’re cutting down on food waste at the source. This is called “source reduction.” According to the U.S. EPA, source reduction is the most impactful step toward reducing food waste, so it’s a great one to focus your efforts on. 

Meal planning has other benefits beyond reducing food waste and saving you time and money. Using meal plans can help you create meaningful and sustainable changes for your health. For example, a recent study published in the Annals of Behavioral Medicine looked at people who joined a weight loss program. They found that participants who planned more of their meals lost more weight than than those who planned fewer meals.

Final thoughts

By reducing food waste we can help to save time and money, reduce our impact on the environment, and even build our relationships and communities. It truly is a win-win-win situation.

One of the best ways to tackle this problem is by using a meal plan. Meal plans can inform your grocery list and then reduce the amount of extra food purchased when you go shopping at the market. But, not everyone wants to spend the time and effort to create their own plans. If this is you, just leave me a reply and I would love to help with your meal plans!

One thought on “How to Reduce Food Waste to Save Money, Time and the Environment

  1. Val

    Great article! It’s important to be mindful of food waste and the impact it has on the environment. These practical tips are very helpful for reducing waste and saving time and money.


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